Meerut is an ancient city situated in Uttar Pradesh. In India, it is the second largest city in national capital region. The city is one of the places where the struggle for independence of India started. It is a quite industrial town and stands as a evidence to the past royalties. The city is situated in the mid-way between the Ganges and the Yamuna. Three stone inscriptions in an old churchyard give the elevation (above sea level) of the city variously as 223.723 Meters, 224.028 Meters and 225.247 metres. Meerut city is widely known for its rich history, culture and the first Indian revolution against British rule. This is one of the most accomplished cities in India as one will find here the perfect blend of old and modern society.
Meerut was founded as Mayarashtra by Maya, who was the father of Mandodari, Ravana's wife in the Ramayana. Meerut was the capital of Maya. Thus the city is also known as 'Ravan Ki Sasural' literally meaning "Ravana's wife's home". In the Ramayana, Shravan Kumar carried his feeble parents on his shoulders to all the pilgrimage sites in India, but it is believed that when he passed through Meerut, he put down his parents for a while to rest and drink. It was here that Lord Rama's father, King Dasharatha, mistook Shravan Kumar for a deer and accidentally shot him dead with an arrow. Shravan Kumar's parents cursed the king that he too would suffer and die due to separation from his son as they died.
Meerut is situated between Ganga and Jamuna, close to the imperial capital, Meerut Distt. has been a centre of varied activities throughout the course of history. The fertility of the soil, its temperate climate and its proximity to Delhi bestowed orderly progress in the times of peace and wrought bloody upheavals in times of political commotions. Inhabited by sturdy Tyagis, Rajputs, Vaishyas, Jats, Gujjars, etc. - all of whom have contributed towards its progress by either agricultural skill, enterprise and sweat, the people of Meerut faced the onslaught of Qutub-ud-din and Timur with courage and tenacity. Meerut is famously associated with the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against the British East India Company. The famous slogan "Dilli Chalo" ("Let's march to Delhi!") was first raised here. Meerut cantonment is the place where the rebellion started when Hindu and Muslim soldiers were given rifle cartridges rumoured to have a coating made of animal fat.
BY AIR - The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International Airport which is about 100 km away. The Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar airstrip is located at Partapur. It was proposed by the state government that the airstrip be converted to an international airport to reduce pressure on Delhi airport.
BY ROAD - By road Meerut is well-connected to major cities like Delhi, Noida, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Haridwar, etc. A large number of people commute to Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida, Ghaziabad and Gurgaon every day for work. Three national highways (NH-58, NH-119 & NH-235) pass through Meerut.There are 2 main bus terminals, namely Bhainsali bus terminal and Sohrab Gate bus terminal from where Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) buses ply to cities all over the state and all nearby cities.
BY TRAIN - Meerut has seven railway stations: Meerut City, Meerut Cantt, Partapur, Sakoti Tanda, Daurala and Pabli Khas. Meerut City station is the busiest in the city. Meerut Cantt was founded in 1865 and serves as a secondary railway station. Meerut lies on the Delhi–Saharanpur railway line. The electrification of the line from Meerut to Ghaziabad has been done in 2012.
The best time to visit Meerut is between the months of October and February, but one may also visit it in October, when the Dussehra festival is celebrated here.
Tourist destinations in and around Meerut include:
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